How To Select A Bonsai Tree
When learning how to grow bonsai one of the first considerations that must be given is what type of trees are suited to your lifestyle. Getting this right will be a major step to mastering the art of growing your own bonsai. Here is a summary of the varieties that are most widely grown.
Peaches and Pears.
Though rarely seen as dwarfed potted trees they make lovely ones. These are, with a few exceptions, called by the “dignified” connoisseurs merely “potted lowering trees”
Every birch that attains one to two feet in height is limited and kept to that height easily, and needs only pinching to regulate growth. The dwarfed trees possess the fine slender white-barked trunks, with handsome foliage. I highly recommend that you try birch. Place the container, in summer, into another larger and shallower basin filled with water and carry it to your room.
Pines, the inhabitants of the poor, dry, sandy soils, become weakened or die off if the drainage is poor in the containers. The bonsai basics involve removing the tree from the container, with its ball of soil. Some soil should be removed from all faces of the ball, and the exposed root and rootlets cut off. In repotting, put coarse sand sparingly on the bottom of the same container; place the pine on the sand and fill the container with new soil to take the place of the old.
For dwarfed and denser growth, pinching of new growth must not be neglected. As the tree becomes older the pinching should be lighter.
The thickly cork-barked Black Pines are much admired for their trunks; the bark is thicker than the trunk itself. Japanese Red Pines are not much appreciated, but their slender trunks with impressive reddish bark are very ornamental-whether planted singly or several trees together in a container.
The Japanese White Pine (Pinus parvifiora) is extensively grown and dwarfed, though there are also many naturally dwarfed, aged trees of this species. Pines symbolise longevity.
Japanese Flowering Apricots
If you are in Japan in the midst of winter, you will see Japanese homes with flowering apricots (Prunus mume) in dwarfed potted forms. There are numerous named varieties, single flowered or semi-double, upright and weeping.
These dwarfed potted Mumes bring life-long joy with their delightful and very sweet fragrant blooms in late winter and early spring. Just after the blooms have faded, every shoot or twig that bloomed should be shortened to the lowest one or two buds, from which new growth soon comes to replace the twigs that were removed.
The dwarfed potted bamboos are very decorative indoors and out. They require a lot of attention initially to remove one sheath per day whilst the plant is still immature.
In summary make sure you take the time to select the right tree to care for. Learn the art of bonsai with these basics and enjoy your cultivation of these lovely potted trees!
For Christmas recently my daughter bought me a miniature garden shed which seems ideal to display alongside the bonsai trees.
Looking After Your Bonsai Trees Is Simple
Keeping bonsai trees is a growing pastime for many people, and with their wonderful displays this is no great surprise. As rewarding as it is relaxing, the hobby is also fairly straight forward. It does not require vast amounts of money or difficult equipment, just a little TLC every day will go along way to achieving wonderful results.
Whether you are looking after Chinese Elm, a Bald Cypress, a Japanese White Palm or one of the many wonderful fruit trees, there are a few basics to keep to ensure they stay in the best possible health. Kept in the right way, over generations, there is no reason why they cannot live for hundreds of years.
First of all, it is important to get the positioning right. As with most other household plants, they prefer warmer locations with good spells of natural light. However, similar to household plants again, being in direct sunlight for extended periods will cause burning to the foliage.
The single most important thing is to get the watering right. They should never be allowed to dry out completely, so checking on a regular basis is always good. The soil they are in should be moist to the touch, but not sodden. Once a day is generally good enough, though in hotter periods it won’t hurt to check a little more often.
Though regular checking is always good, sticking to regular schedule is never a good idea. Ambient temperatures and conditions change, and these dictate the uptake of water. As well as performing the soil check, simply lifting the tree and ascertaining its weight is a good indication as to whether watering is needed.
Another way to decide whether watering is needed is through a water meter. These work by taking a measure of the water content in the soil, and are a quick and effective way to determine whether watering is needed. This is most certainly a good idea if you go on holiday, and you have a friend or family member looking after your bonsai trees for a few days.
Use special bonsai soil: It is likely your bonsai trees will already come to you in bonsai soil, but if replanting or growing from seed, it is important to ensure specially formulated bonsai soil is used. This is designed to help with correct drainage, and will boost the root system health whilst not being too heavy on it.
Fertiliser is important too: Though most standard types of fertiliser can be used, it is important to ensure it has three key ingredients. Look for products that contain phosphorous, potash and nitrogen to give the right mix of nutrients.
The final task and, the most enjoyable for many, is pruning. This not only helps give those evocative shapes bonsai trees are so well known for, but is actually vital to their continuing health. This allows them to maintain strength, and is all important for a balanced root system.
A Bonsai Tree Is Pretty
If you’re looking to grow and care for a bonsai tree in your home or enclosed garden, there are a few things you should know when it comes to caring for the plant and making sure that it thrives. From the right type of soil to watering techniques, here are some tips on how to grow beautiful trees for your indoor or outdoor garden.
Most people tend to either underwater or over water the plant, and both could prove to be harmful to the plant. You can check to see if your plant needs watering by pushing the main trunk down into the soil. If you find that the soil is cool and moist, you can forego watering the tree for a few hours. If the soil is dry and crackly, it is definitely time to add some water to the pot. There are also different variations of trees, so finding out all you can about the plants from the nursery will let you know exactly how much you should water it.
Also, you should use a watering can to moisturise the trees instead of a garden hose, since the force could harm the plant. If your bonsai is extremely dry, you should soak it for about two minutes in a basin large enough to emerge the pot in.
When you’re feeding a bonsai tree, be sure to get the highest quality of fertiliser you can find. The fertiliser should have ample amount of nitrogen so that the plant can grow (especially if you want your plant to get larger with time), as well as potassium and phosphates. A soil with B vitamins and iron is also necessary for the health of the tree. Most people think that this small plant can feed itself, since most other trees are able to do so , but this small plant is confined to a pot, which means you will have to provide the food.
You should feed your tree about every two weeks or so to make sure that it is thriving at a normal rate. People have also been known to use beer to feed a bonsai tree; if you decide to do this, make sure that the beer is weak so that the alcohol will not damage the plant. You may also want to dilute the beer before watering the fertiliser. If you want to make sure that the leaves of the tree have a rich color and the trunk and branches are strong, you can use a multivitamin–place it in the soil of the plant on both sides of the trunk, and the nutrients will eventually seep out of the pill and into the soil.
In order for a bonsai tree to maintain its appearance, you’ll have to give it regular trimmings and spray the leaves to maintain the color. However, be careful not to spray the leaves in spring and summer months since the leaves can be damaged from the humidity.
Beginners Basic Guide To Bonsai Ficus
Bonsai ficus is very easy to keep, maintenance wise they require little, and are very unusual in looks compared to other bonsai trees. Being easy to keep, the bonsai ficus is a good starter for beginners.
Species To Try.
Growing ficus as a bonsai is a fairly simple task and enjoyable, though proper regular care is essential. By doing this you will learn the basics of care and the growth of your bonsai ficus. Some species worth trying is the dwarf ficus, the narrow leaf ficus, as well as the weeping ficus.
Temperature And Humidity Range.
Many ficus have thick waxy leaves, which allow them to tolerate extremely dry air. Fortunately ficus are really not to dependent on humidity and will grow well in a range of humidity levels. If you are growing your bonsai ficus outside for the summer remember to bring them back in as night temperatures get near 55 Fahrenheit.
Propagation of your bonsai ficus is simple and easy, as ficus in general will root from cuttings very well, just puting a cutting in soil is enough to have it rooting soon, but then you may already have plenty of ficus babies.
Most ficus are known for growing natural banyan roots, which showcases the styling of bonsai ficus with those dramatic styles used like the air root and the root over rock. Using superthrive monthly will assist in the formation of these roots.
Growing Ficus Seeds.
Ficus can be grown from seeds,and you can add to your collection of bonsai ficus using this method, but they require heat and humidity, and will easily succumb to mold.
Watering Ficus Plants.
The rules of watering for bonsai ficus trees is to let the soil dry out between waterings, so you should make sure to feel the soil before watering. Ficus can, during autumn and winter show signs of shedding its leaves because of excessive watering. One useful tip is to observe the leaves color, if they are turning yellow then stop watering, since yellow leaves are a sign that the tree is probably being over watered.
Learning about the basics of caring for your bonsai ficus will encourage you to want to know more, and to keep other types of bonsai trees, both indoor and out door.